News Briefs | FYI
October 4, 2021
Research proves the school-to-prison pipeline
Middle schoolers who attend schools with high suspension rates are substantially more likely to be arrested and jailed as adults, according to research published in Education Next magazine.
To conduct their research, authors Andrew Bacher-Hicks, Stephen B. Billings, and David J. Deming took advantage of a natural experiment that arose in 2002 when school boundaries were redrawn in Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools in North Carolina. For instance, half of all students from McClintock Middle School, with a suspension rate of 19 percent, were reassigned to South Charlotte Middle School, with a suspension rate of 7 percent.
The researchers analyzed the 26,246 students who experienced the boundary change and followed their experiences from 1998–99 through 2010–11 by looking at their discipline records, educational attainment and county records on arrests and incarcerations.
“Our findings show that early censure of school misbehavior causes increases in adult crime — that there is, in fact, a school-to-prison pipeline,” the authors write. “Further, we find that the negative impacts from strict disciplinary environments are largest for minorities and males, suggesting that suspension policies expand preexisting gaps in educational attainment and incarceration.”
The researchers found that being assigned to a “strict” school increases the number of days students are suspended and their probability of being incarcerated as adults. These effects are largest for Black and Hispanic students, and especially for Black and Hispanic males.
They also found suspensions are driven by leadership decisions. When a principal who has been strict in prior years switches to a new school, suspensions in the new school increase.
Read the article at

LAUSD: Students must be fully vaccinated
LAUSD will require all students age 12 and older to be fully vaccinated against COVID-19, unless they have a medical or other exemption.
The district announced the policy Sept. 9 as part of its efforts to provide the safest possible environment in which to learn and work, according to a district news release.
“The science is clear — vaccinations are an essential part of protection against COVID-19,” Interim Superintendent Megan K. Reilly said, in the release. “The COVID-19 vaccines are safe, effective and requiring eligible students to be vaccinated is the strongest way to protect our school community.”

Study finds K-12 workforce more stressed than others
New research indicates that the K-12 workforce is more stressed, burnt out and anxious compared to other state and local employees.
According to MissionSquare Research Institute (formerly the Center for State and Local Government Excellence at ICMA-RC), more than one-third (37 percent) of the K-12 workforce says that the pandemic has them considering a job change. K-12 employees are also concerned about the impact of the pandemic on students — from falling behind in their education to experiencing problems with access to the internet and technology. This segment is also feeling the financial pain of the pandemic more acutely than others.
The results are based on a national survey of more than 1,200 state and local government employees.
CalSTRS offering retirement planning sessions
October is National Retirement Security Month, which raises awareness about the importance of saving for retirement. CalSTRS will be offering numerous member webinars throughout the month. These webinars are designed and tailored with a member’s career stage in mind. It’s never too early to start planning and saving for retirement. CalSTRS is also offering individual planning sessions via Zoom. Check out the offerings and encourage your peers and members to sign-up at
Teacher Prep Review seeks feedback on standards
Since 2013, the NCTQ Teacher Prep Review has provided evaluations and feedback to educator preparation programs. NCTQ is undertaking an effort to refresh its existing standards for elementary teacher preparation, Elementary Mathematics and Reading Foundations (formerly called Early Reading). All those invested in the development of future elementary teachers are invited to provide feedback on the proposed changes at by Oct. 15, 2021.
Recording of CTC session on AB 130 available online
A recent technical assistance webinar from the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing discussed the new options available for teacher candidates to demonstrate basic skills through coursework, pursuant to AB 130. A recording of the webinar is now available on the Commission’s website and at
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